贯通比特币,Nguyen切磋比特币红皮书版权

现在,赖特已经合法地宣布了比特币白皮书和大部分早期比特币代码的版权所有权,他正在努力确保自己的创造物将重新获得原本的使命。
“比特币的设计是诚实的,而不是另一种犯罪货币,”他说。
“是时候让人们知道,我(作为中本聪)并不是什么阴暗角色,我只是不想成为公众人物”

Satoshi Nakamoto’s invention is also a practical and novel solution to a
problem in distributed computing, known as the “Byzantine Generals’
Problem.” Briefly, the problem consists of trying toagree on a course
of action or the state of a system by exchanging information over an
unreliable and potentially compromised network.
Satoshi Nakamoto’s
solution, which uses the concept of Proof-of-Work to achieve consensus
without a central trusted authority, represents a breakthrough in
distributed computing and has wide applicability beyond currency. It can
be used to achieve consensus on decentralized networks to prove the
fairness of elections, lotteries, asset registries, digital
notarization, and more.

Nguyen instead focuses on the legal impact of the registrations: “Under
global copyright law, Craig always held copyright ownership of the
Bitcoin white paper and Bitcoin code authored since the moment he
created those works and fixed them into a tangible medium of expression.
Most countries do not require registration of works. But in certain
countries, like the United States, an author receives additional
benefits by obtaining copyright registration for his works. In this
situation, what is exceptionally notable is that the U.S. Copyright
Office did not rubber-stamp Craig’s copyright applications. The U.S.
Copyright examiner responded far more quickly to the copyright
applications than is normal within three business days (which is
extremely unusual and extremely fast) and asked questions about
applications, including recognizing that the Bitcoin white paper was a
famous work and noting there were questions about who is Satoshi
Nakamoto. The U.S. Copyright Office only issued the copyright
registrations after Craig responded and confirmed his authorship.
Contrary to what the naysayers are suggesting, the U.S. copyright
registrations do carry legal weight and we look forward to working with
Craig to ensure his original vision is recognized as Bitcoin and is
realized through BSV.”

一套交易验证和发币的规则

看到自己的创造不止一次、而是两次被破坏后,Dr.
Wright博士采取行动,保留了他最初的比特币中本聪愿景。
他解释说,”我写比特币白皮书的时候,把它上传到了比特币官方网站bitcoin.org,以便人们就开始理解比特币。
我逐渐明白,很少有人花时间去理解这篇文章的内容,所以我正式发表并在美国版权局(u.s.
Copyright
Office)注册,这样我就可以确认我的作者身份和版权所有权,并开始教人们比特币的真正含义,停止人们扭曲叙事。”

这里说了两个重要的信息点:

Since the announcement Tuesday, the trolls have come out in full force,
albeit in much smaller numbers than in the past. They’re trying to
downplay, disparage and dismiss Dr. Wright and the US Copyright office
suggesting this is “just another scam.”

《精通比特币》的第一版中文版已经在国内出版,第二版英文版于2017年7月完成,目前没有中文纸质版本。但是在网络上有网友贡献出了英文版。以下是相关链接:

在被某些媒体出版物无意识地”揭穿”为中本聪之后,Wright
于2016年首次站出来,承认是比特币的创造者,并向几个人提供了证据,其中包括前比特币项目首席开发者
Gavin Anderson。 然而,控制了比特币项目的比特币核心(Bitcoin Core,简称
BTC)开发团体的支持者成功地领导了一场针对Dr. Wright的抹黑运动。

Choosing a Bitcoin Wallet

自从周二的公告以来,网络”喷子”已经全力出击,尽管数量比过去要少得多。
他们试图淡化、贬低并无视 Dr. Wright和美国版权局,暗示这只是”又一个骗局”

前言地址参见

The group had hindered the original vision of Bitcoin by stifling
scaling attempts and creating Layer 2 settlement networks, namely the
Lighting Network, which take transactions off chain and away from what
Bitcoin was meant to be. In 2017, they added the definitive fatal blow
Segregated Witness to the Bitcoin protocol and forever changed Bitcoin
from its core definition as a chain of digital signatures.

0.前言

· U.S. copyright registration no. TX-8-708-058, effective date April 13,
2019, for computer program entitled Bitcoin, with year of completion
2009 and date of first publication January 3, 2009. The registration
recognizes the author as Craig Steven Wright, using the pseudonym
Satoshi Nakamoto. Wright wrote most of version 0.1 of the Bitcoin client
software, and the registration covers the portions he authored.

A decentralized peer-to-peer network (the bitcoin protocol)

“We are thrilled to see Craig Wright recognized as author of the
landmark Bitcoin white paper and early code. Better than anyone else,
Craig understands that Bitcoin was created be a massively scaled
blockchain to power the world’s electronic cash for billions of people
to use, and be the global data ledger for the biggest enterprise
applications. We look forward to working with Craig and others to ensure
his original vision is recognized as Bitcoin and is realized through
BSV.”

比特币有内置的算法用于调控挖矿速度,以保证每10分钟挖到一次。比特币总数是2100万枚,预计到2140年全部挖出。比特币是通缩型货币,无法通过“印钞”的方式,增发货币。

· 美国版权注册号 Txu 2-136-996, 2019年4月11日生效,论文题为”Bitcoin: A
Peer-to-Peer Electronic Cash System”,完成年份为2008年。
注册人员认可作者是使用假名“中本聪”的Craig Steven Wright。

As a developer, I see bitcoin as akin to the internet of money, a
network for propagating value and securing the ownership of digital
assets via distributed computation.
There’s a lot more to bitcoin than
first meets the eye.

The U.S. copyright registration certificates are:

我会选择英文版作为我们的学习主材料,针对这些英文材料,梳理出逻辑,并写出我的理解。由于已经有现成的中文版译本,因此我不会对英文逐句翻译;对于一些比较简单的部分,我会择机省略。但是对其中的部分英文用法,我会给出解释。我期待能达到的效果是,既能把比特币给学了,顺便把英语的表达积累。作为读者,建议你先阅读英文,尝试自己搞明白,再看我的文字;如果英文理解有困难,那就自行参考一下译本。不要只看中文,不看英文,这样你会看不懂的。

Wright将出席即将到来的 CoinGeek
多伦多扩容会议,并将与Nguyen一起发表重要的炉边谈话。
这次谈话肯定会披露出很多关于早期比特币历史的事情,所以它非常值得一看。

Can I be sure that no one else can claim this money belongs to them and
not me?

Wright身边有很好的支持和明智的建议。 他的同事 Nguyen 是 nChain
的前首席执行官,在美国担任知识产权和数字技术律师长达21年,曾任加利福尼亚州律师协会知识产权法部门主席。
在评论公众对版权登记的反应时,Nguyen 说:”看到网上的攻讦者和批评者对
Craig 的版权登记感到惊慌失措,这很有趣。
如果注册没有任何意义,人们还怕什么呢?”

比特币的挖矿机制,将中央银行的货币发行与清算工作去中心化,从而不需要任何中央银行。

这个组织阻碍了比特币最初的愿景,阻碍了扩容的尝试,并创建了第二层结算网络,即闪电网络,这个网络可以让交易脱离区块链,远离比特币的本来面目。
2017年,他们在比特币协议中增加了决定性的致命打击——隔离见证——并永久性地改变了比特币作为一个数字签名链的核心定义。

这段有几个信息点值得注意:

相反,Nguyen把重点放在了这些注册的法律影响上:”根据全球版权法,Craig一直拥有比特币白皮书和比特币代码的版权,从他创作这些作品并将其固定为有形的表达媒介开始。
大多数国家不要求对作品进行注册。
但在某些国家,比如美国,作者通过为其作品获得版权注册而获得额外的好处。
在这种情况下,特别值得注意的是,美国版权局没有草率批准Wright的版权申请。
美国版权审查员对版权申请的反应比正常情况快得多——在三个工作日内(这非常不寻常,而且非常快)——并询问了有关申请的问题,包括承认比特币白皮书是一部著名作品,并指出存在关于谁是中本聪的问题。
美国版权局是在 Craig 回复并确认了他的作者权之后才发布了版权登记。
与反对者的观点相反,美国版权登记具有明确的法律效力,我们期待着与Craig合作,确保他的原始愿景被承认为比特币,并通过
BSV 实现。”

Bitcoin was invented in 2008 with the publication of a paper titled
“Bitcoin: A Peer-to-Peer Electronic Cash System,”[1] written under the
alias of Satoshi Nakamoto (see [satoshi_whitepaper]). Nakamoto
combined several prior inventions such as b-money and HashCash to create
a completely decentralized electronic cash system that does not rely on
a central authority for currency issuance or settlement and validation
of transactions. The key innovation was to use a distributed computation
system (called a “Proof-of-Work” algorithm) to conduct a global
“election” every 10 minutes, allowing the decentralized network to
arrive at consensus about the state of transactions. This elegantly
solves the issue of double-spend where a single currency unit can be
spent twice. Previously, the double-spend problem was a weakness of
digital currency and was addressed by clearing all transactions through
a central clearinghouse.

The mental gymnastics these people are doing could compete with Simone
Biles, but Dr. Wright has a final word on the trolls, “Importantly, if
this was not real, it means I would face 20 years. If a single person
could discredit me, I get an orange suit. The issue is they cannot.”

比特币这项发明是突破性的,并且带来了分布式计算、经济学以及计量经济学的新领域。

“2011年,当我把代码的控制权交给加文 · 安德森(Gavin
Anderson)时,我对他说的最后一句话是,”我希望你不要一直把我说成是一个神秘的影子人物,媒体只会把它描述成一个违法货币”赖特回忆道。
“也许应该把它与开源项目联系起来,给你的开发贡献者更多的信任;
这有助于激励他们。”

Can I trust that the money is authentic and not counterfeit?

除了最初的比特币白皮书之外,美国版权局(u.s. Copyright
Office)还为赖特博士编写的大部分最初的比特币代码(比特币客户端软件的0.1版本)发放了版权注册。

好,下面我从前言开始梳理:

是什么促使 Wright
永远揭开中本聪的面纱,现在又开始努力捍卫他对比特币的最初愿景?
这是一系列事件的结合。 首先,SegWit
引入破坏劣化了比特币,把比特币变成了今天的 BTC (SegWit coin或core
coin)。
2017年8月,Wright选择支持比特币现金(BCH)从BTC分裂出来,其任务是恢复比特币最初的愿景。
然而,在尝试与 BCH 开发团队比特币 ABC 合作一年多之后,Wright
博士在2018年发现,BCH
开发团队也在背离原始的比特币协议——引入了原始设计中没有包含的重大协议变更,并根据需要进行大规模扩容。

比特币就像金钱的互联网,可以通过分布式的计算方式,传播价值,保障电子资产所有权。

这种扭曲的叙述导致了罪犯,比如毒贩和洗钱者,成为了比特币的代言人。
比特币区块链提供的责任性和可追溯性被搁置一旁,它被销售给了社会最恶劣的元素。
Wright无法忍受这一点。

I first stumbled upon bitcoin in mid-2011. My immediate reaction was
more or less “Pfft! Nerd money!” and I ignored it for another six
months, failing to grasp its importance. This is a reaction that I have
seen repeated among many of the smartest people I know, which gives me
some consolation.
The second time I came across bitcoin, in a mailing
list discussion, I decided to read the whitepaper written by Satoshi
Nakamoto to study the authoritative source and see what it was all
about. I still remember the moment I finished reading those nine pages,
when I realized that bitcoin was not simply a digital currency,but a
network of trust that could also provide the basis for so much more than
just currencies.
The realization that “this isn’t money, it’s a
decentralized trust network,” started me on a four-month journey to
devour every scrap of information about bitcoin I could find. I became
obsessed and enthralled, spending 12 or more hours each day glued to a
screen, reading, writing, coding, and learning as much as I could.
I
emerged from this state of fugue, more than 20 pounds lighter from lack
of consistent meals, determined to dedicate myself to working on
bitcoin.

美国版权登记证书如下:

欢迎大家关注“刻意学习区块链”,我会把我所有关于区块链和比特币学习解析的文章,同步在上面。

In the future, Wright intends to assign the copyright registrations to
Bitcoin Association to hold for the benefit of the Bitcoin ecosystem.
Bitcoin Association is a global industry organization for Bitcoin
businesses. It supports BSV and owns the Bitcoin SV client software.
Founding President Jimmy Nguyen comments:

这里作者深情并茂地说:“比特币让我创意勃发,让我殚精竭虑;就互联网出来以来,我遇到的最激动人心的技术”。那就让我们跟着这位瘦下来20磅的作者,开始精通比特币的旅程吧。

“我们很高兴看到Craig
Wright被认可是具有里程碑意义的比特币白皮书和早期代码的作者。
Craig比任何人都清楚,比特币是一个大规模的区块链,为世界上数十亿人使用的电子现金提供动力,也是最大的企业应用程序的全球数据总账。
我们期待着与Craig和其他人合作,确保他的原始愿景被认可为比特币,并通过
BSV 实现。”

未来,赖特打算将版权登记分配给比特币协会,以保留比特币生态系统的利益。
比特币协会是一个全球性的比特币行业组织。 它支持 BSV,并拥有比特币 SV
客户端软件。 创始主席Jimmy Nguyen评论道:

接下来的小节,原书举了几个比特币的应用场景,以及如何购买第一枚比特币。该部分内容相对简单,在此就不予以详述。可以阅读英文链接

· 美国版权注册号 Tx-8-708-058,
2019年4月13日生效,用于题为”比特币”的计算机程序,完成年份为2009年,首次出版日期为2009年1月3日。
册人员认可作者是使用假名“中本聪”的Craig Steven Wright。
Wright编写了大部分0.1版本的比特币客户端软件,注册的部分包括了他编写的部分。

这里要学习的是作者的精神。从描述上看,作者是内驱力很强的一个人。做一件事情,不是因为别人给你打了鸡血,而是你自己通过学习,发现一件事情的极端重要意义,从而自主产生动力,不惜一切代价精进。这是区分人与人成就的重要原因。我记得,李笑来老师在讲他最初接触到比特币的时候,也有类似的场景片断。其实在任何领域,要有一定的成绩,都要有这样一种“钉钉子”精神,完成自己的原始知识资本积累。

这些人所做的精神体操可以与西蒙妮 · 拜尔斯(Simone Biles)相媲美,但Dr.
Wright对这些喷子只有最后一句话:”重要的是,如果这不是真的,那就意味着我将面临20年的刑期。
只要有一个人能成功诋毁我的名声,我就会得到一套橙色外衣。
但问题是他们做不到。”

比特币代表了过去几十年密码学研究和分布式系统的研究顶点,包括以下四个方面的创新:

In addition to the original Bitcoin whitepaper, the U.S. Copyright
Office also issued Dr. Wright a copyright registration for most of the
original Bitcoin code (version 0.1 of the Bitcoin client software) which
he authored.

图片 1

本文首发于微信公众号:
Metanet2049。文章内容属作者个人观点,不代表和讯网立场。投资者据此操作,风险请自担。

这一部分基础内容由于在比特币白皮书的解析部分已经有所讨论,所以行文会比较简略。原文地址在

美国版权局已经向Dr. Craig Steven
Wright发放了原版比特币白皮书的版权注册,Wright
博士最初在2008年以中本聪的笔名在网上发布了这份白皮书。

Bitcoin is a distributed, peer-to-peer system. As such there is no
“central” server or point of control. Bitcoin are created through a
process called “mining,” which involves competing to find solutions to a
mathematical problem while processing bitcoin transactions. Any
participant in the bitcoin network (i.e., anyone using a device running
the full bitcoin protocol stack) may operate as a miner, using their
computer’s processing power to verify and record transactions. Every 10
minutes, on average, a bitcoin miner is able to validate the
transactions of the past 10 minutes and is rewarded with brand new
bitcoin.Essentially, bitcoin mining decentralizes the
currency-issuance and clearing functions of a central bank and replaces
the need for any central bank.

版权注册是在美国版权办公室的审查员意识到比特币白皮书是一部”著名作品”,涉及到谁是中本聪这个问题后,并且在
Wright 博士确认他是开启了比特币革命的开创性论文的作者之后才发布的。

Behind the scenes, bitcoin is also the name of the protocol, a
peer-to-peer network, and a distributed computing innovation. The
bitcoin currency is really only the first application of this
invention.Bitcoin represents the culmination of decades of research in
cryptography and distributed systems and includes four key innovations
brought together in a unique and powerful combination.
Bitcoin
consists of:

That twisted narrative lead to criminals, like drug dealers and money
launders, to become the face of Bitcoin. The accountability and
traceability that the Bitcoin blockchain provides was left on the back
burner, and it was marketed to the worst elements of society. Wright
could not stand for that.

A Solution to a Distributed Computing Problem

What pushed Wright to lift the Satoshi Nakamoto veil for good and now
take efforts to defend his original vision for Bitcoin? It was a
combination of events. First, there was the bastardization of BTC
introduced by SegWit, changing Bitcoin into what BTC is today (SegWit
Coin or Core Coin). Wright then chose to support Bitcoin Cash (BCH)
which forked away from BTC in August 2017, with the supposed mission to
restore Bitcoin’s original vision. However, after attempting to work
with BCH development group Bitcoin ABC for over a year, it became clear
in 2018 to Dr. Wright that BCH development groups were also deviating
from the original Bitcoin protocol by introducing significant protocol
changes not included in the original design and by pursuing massive
scaling as quickly as needed.

剩下的部分作者讲了一些书面向的读者,封面的隐喻以及阅读指南,请大家自行阅读。

Now that Wright has legally claimed copyright ownership of the Bitcoin
white paper and most of the early Bitcoin code, he’s working to ensure
his creation will regain the original mission it was meant to have.
“Bitcoin was designed to be honest and not another criminal coin,” he
said. “It’s time for people to learn that and see that I’m (as Satoshi)
not just some shady figure because I didn’t want publicity”

要在这样的不信任的环境中,构建信任,是密码学一直以来研究的课题。比特币就是在这个方向上的一次积极的尝试。

Dr. Wright will be attending the upcoming CoinGeek Toronto scaling
conference, and will feature prominently in a Fireside chat with Jimmy
Nguyen. The conversation is bound to have plenty of revelations about
the early history of Bitcoin, so it will be well worth attending.

“The last thing that I said to Gavin Anderson in 2011 when I handed him
the control of the code was that “I wish you wouldn’t keep talking about
me as a mysterious shadowy figure, the press just turns that into a
pirate currency angle,” Dr. Wright recalls. “Maybe instead make it about
the open source project and give more credit to your dev contributors;
it helps motivate them.”

A mechanism for reaching global decentralized consensus on the valid
blockchain (Proof-of-Work algorithm)

· U.S. copyright registration no. TXu 2-136-996, effective date April
11, 2019, for the paper entitled Bitcoin: A Peer-to-Peer Electronic Cash
System, with year of completion 2008. The registration recognizes the
author as Craig Steven Wright, using the pseudonym Satoshi Nakamoto.

这一部分在我以前的文章里面也提到过,中心化的问题就是单点容易受到攻击,但是比特币采用了去中心化的方式,通过数字签名来实现验证和所有权。

After being involuntarily “outed” as Satoshi Nakamoto by certain media
publications, Wright first come out as the creator of Bitcoin in 2016,
and provided proof to several people, including Gavin Anderson former
lead developer of the Bitcoin project. However, supporters of the
Bitcoin Core (BTC) developer group, which had commandeered the Bitcoin
project, led a successful smear campaign against Dr. Wright.

The United States Copyright Office has issued Dr. Craig Steven Wright a
the copyright registration for the original Bitcoin whitepaper, which
Dr. Wright originally posted online in 2008 under the pseudonym Satoshi
Nakamoto.

比特币通过密钥的方式来证明所有权。如果你掌握了密钥,你就掌握了对应的货币。

Having seen his creation bastardized not once but twice, Dr. Wright has
acted to preserve his original Satoshi Vision for Bitcoin. He explains,
“When I wrote the Bitcoin white paper, I uploaded it on the bitcoin.org
domain so that people would start understanding bitcoin. I’ve come to
understand that few people if any of taken the time to understand what
is written in this paper so I have formally published it and registered
it with the U.S. Copyright Office so that I can confirm my authorship
and copyright ownership, and start teaching people the true meaning of
what Bitcoin is about and stop people twisting the narrative.”

在十九大报告中有这样一句话,“增强狠抓落实本领,坚持说实话、谋实事、出实招、求实效,把雷厉风行和久久为功有机结合起来,勇于攻坚克难,以钉钉子精神做实做细做好各项工作。”

Wright has good support and wise advice by his side. His colleague
Nguyen, former CEO of nChain, was a highly-regarded intellectual
property and digital technology lawyer in the United States for 21
years, and is former Chair of the State Bar of California’s Intellectual
Property Law Section. Commenting on public reaction to the copyright
registrations, Nguyen says: “It’s amusing to watch the online trolls and
critics freak out about Craig’s copyright registrations. If the
registrations don’t mean anything, what are people afraid of?”

比特币开发出了以后,即使中本聪也无法控制

The copyright registration was issued after the examiner at the U.S.
Copyright Office was aware that the Bitcoin white paper was a “famous
work” with questions about who was Satoshi Nakamoto, and only after Dr.
Wright confirmed he was author of the seminal paper which started the
Bitcoin revolution.

图片 2

这里讲的是传统的现金安全与电子现金安全的异同,与我们前一篇文章中谈到的信息要点类似,参见《比特币白皮书解析
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从零开始区块链》。这一部分英语我就不展开介绍,但是可以分享一个学习思路:如果你对一件事情本身就很了解,或者你对这件事情的了解,是通过母语或者其他语言习得,那你用英语或者你需要学习的语言,再去读关于这个主题的讨论,你的语言学习吸收效率会很高。

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